What to See and Do in Arnhem Land

Bordered by the stunning expanse of the Kakadu National Park, Arnhem Land boasts a sprawling wilderness in the northeast part of the Northern Territory. Here, rocky outcrops carve a surreal silhouette against the skyline, while ancient gorges and deep rivers weave their way through the scenery.

This is the home of the Yolngu people and, to visit, you need a permit. As well as learning more about the landscape and its people, you’ll get to explore some of Australia’s oldest culture and history in these parts – in fact, this was the place the didgeridoo originated from.

The Scenery of Arnhem Land

The landscape here is incredibly diverse, boasting a mixture of wild coastlines, remote islands, and cascading rivers overflowing with all sorts of fish and animal life. Elsewhere, lush rainforests meet soaring cliff faces, while savannah woodlands promise a collection of wildlife.

Arnhem Land provides a haven for many animals, with the area now a conservation site for dugongs, turtles, and migratory birds.

The area is perhaps best-known for its incredible fishing opportunities. You can take a deep-sea fishing charter or inland cruise to catch some of Australia’s famous Barramundi.

Indigenous Art in Arnhem Land

The region boasts an incredibly rich indigenous history. At Gunbalanya, you can watch artists as they work and pick up paintings at the popular Injalak Art and Craft Centre. You can also take a tour with an indigenous guide to see some of the ancient rock art that decorates the cliff faces.

Browse the indigenous art at the collection of centres here, including the community of Maningrida and Yirrkala, which sits close to the quaint coastal town of Nhulunbuy.

Historic Sites in Arnhem Land

History runs riot through the sprawling landscapes of Arnhem Land, with fascinating stories unravelling all around. You can visit the ancient ruins of an early European settlement in Garig Gunak Barlu National Park, or head to the Cobourg Marine Park, where you can catch a glimpse of the thousands of bird species that call this part of Australia home.

If you’re on the hunt for ancient histories and rich culture from some of the oldest parts of Australia, a trip to Arnhem Land is in order. Not only can you marvel at the incredibly diverse scenery that spans the area, but you can dig deep into the indigenous past through the area’s prominent arts and crafts industries.