What are the main features of Kakadu National Park?

Kakadu National Park is a hub for biological diversity, filled to the brim with vast landscapes, unique wildlife, and natural wonders. Instead of stepping in blindly, working out the main features to look out for in Kakadu is best. We can distinguish the area by six different landscapes; the savannah woodlands, southern hills and ridges, stone country, tidal flats and coast, the wetlands and the outliers. Within each different landform live a range of unique plants and animals adapted for only this particular habitat. Travel throughout each feature of Kakadu to experience the full beauty of this epic location.

Savanna Woodlands

This landscape makes up nearly 80 per cent of the entire national park. The savanna woodlands, also known as the lowlands, is the areas bushland, made up of eucalyptus trees and tall grasses. The area is flooded with a range of wildlife, with a greater variety of plant life than anywhere else in the park.

Southern Hills and ridges

This landscape has formed due to millions of years of erosion, covering a large portion of the stunning Kakadu park. Here the rocks have been exposed from beneath the withdrawing Arnhem escarpment. They are volcanic rocks, dating back 2500 million years old. It has created a unique habitat for the wildlife, with a large portion of the population of animals living within this landscape.

Stone country

The name stone country fits perfectly with this landscape as the majority of the landform’s inhabitants is large rock platforms. It is a harsh and dry area, a centre for rock, soil, and desert plants. However, between the deep incisions of rock, large woodlands have formed. With plenty of shade, and water draining into the gorges, a refuge for wildlife has formed.

Floodplain and billabongs

This landscape is ever changing, undergoing dramatic changes depending on the season. For the wet season, a shallow layer of freshwater spreads across the plains. With this slowly drying up or running into the nearby rivers and lakes during the drier seasons. During the wet season, the water animals spread out across the land, while in the drier seasons they all head towards the main water sources such as the Yellow Billabong Water.

Coast and tidal flats

The park has around 500 square kilometres of the coastal and estuarine area. Similar to the floodplains of Kakadu, the tidal flats change in habitat depending on the season. In the wet season, the river beds are flooded, leaving a wetlands environment. In the dry season, tidal action deposits build-up along the river beds and banks. Mangroves cover the area, creating a perfect home for fish, who are protected by the mangroves large protruding roots.

The Outliers

The outliers are pieces of Arnhemland plateau that have endured erosion over the years and become separate from the plateau complex. Simply put, they are large rock boulders, with the most popular ones being Nourlangie Rock and Ubirr.

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